Knowing with New Media
Bodily experiences Multimodal representations
The Ripples model sees cognition as inherently embodied.
This belief is integrated into the Ripples' constructivist perspective from the work of the following cognitive scientists:
'As a result of our embodied nature, meaning comes to us via patterns, images, concepts, qualities, emotions and feelings that constitute the basis of our experience, thought and language.'
Mark Johnson (1987, 2007, 2018), who argues: 'Meaning is grounded in bodily experience; it arises from our feeling of qualities, sensory patterns, movements, changes, and emotional contours […] Meaning depends on our experiencing and assessing the qualities
of situations' (p. 70).
Gerald Edelman and Giulio Tononi's (2013),
who adhere to the notion that: 'Sensory percepts […] come in many different modalities: sight, hearing, touch, smell, taste, proprioception (the feeling of our own body), kinaesthesia (the sense of bodily positions), pleasure
and pain' (p. 24).
Don M. Tucker (2007), who asserts: 'The mind is embodied. We now recognise that by studying the patterns of the brain's anatomy, we can look upon a roadmap into the mind' (p. 2).
Francisco J. Varela, Evan Thompson and Eleanore Rosch (1993), who suggest: '[…] cognitive structures emerge from recurrent sensorimotor patterns that enable action to be perceptually guided' (p. 176).
George Lakoff and Mark Johnson (1999),
who write: 'Reason is evolutionary […] What universal aspects of reason there are arise from the commonalities of our bodies and brains and the environments we inhabit (loc. 82).
The Ripples model recognises body cognition circularity in understanding, interpreting and representing the living experience.
The meaning-making process evolves from the translation of bodily experience into abstract multimodal symbolisation — bodily experiences multimodal representations based on the logic of metaphor.
This implies articulating meaning not
by direct imitation of reality, but through mental associations expressed in clusters of alphabetic writing and audio, visual and animated elements within a digital frame.
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